Gummies made with cannabutter are a type of weed edible that is flavored and textured like a gummy candy. The most iconic type of gummy candy is of course the Gummy Bear, but edible weed makers can make the candy into any shape.
These edible candy products are chewy and fruity and can be used as a non-smoking alternative to ingesting cannabis. These gummies can be found at nearly every dispensary but are also easy to make at home.
What is cannabutter?
Infusing cannabis with butter is a tasty and versatile way to make edibles. The butter acts as a carrier for the THC and other cannabinoids present in weed. While butter is very common, you can also use olive oil, coconut oil, or any other fatty oil for infusion. Cannabutter or oil is ingested instead of inhaled, which makes it a healthier option for recreational and medical users.
How to make cannabutter?
Cannabutter is made with decarboxylated cannabis flower mixed with butter and cooked at a low temperature. As the flower cooks in the butter, the THC and CBD is transferred from the plant material to the butter. The flower is then strained from the butter, leaving a pure edible oil to cook with or eat plain.
To start, cannabis flower is grown, harvested, dried, and then decarboxylated. Decarboxylation is a natural chemical reaction that occurs when weed flower is heated or cured. It is the process of decarboxylation which activates the psychoactive compounds of cannabis, turning the non-psychoactive compound of THCA into the well known, high inducing compound THC.
An intense heat, like from a flame while smoking or coil from vaping, causes instant decarboxylation and the psychoactive compounds are then inhaled.
There are a few ways to make cannabutter. Perhaps the most precise and foolproof way is as follows:
Procure your desired amount of cannabis flower. In general, cannabutter is made from a 1:1 ratio for a strong concentrate, or a ½:1 ratio for a moderate concentrate. That means 1 ounce of weed will make one pound of very strong butter, or a half-ounce of weed will make one pound of a more relaxed butter. Newer users should make a moderate concentrate until they become more familiar with how their bodies react to edibles.
Decarboxylate your weed flower by gently roasting it in an oven pan at 225 degrees Fahrenheit for about 45 minutes. To ensure that it does not burn you can put aluminum foil or parchment paper at the bottom of the pan. Break up the weed into very small nuggets (or use a grinder) to achieve the most effective decarboxylation.
Remove your cannabis from the oven and let it cool. While this is happening you can begin to slowly melt your unsalted butter in a heavy bottom pot on the stove. Use a low flame and stir frequently so it does not burn or brown. Once the butter is melted, mix the entire contents of the decarbed weed into the butter and stir to mix. Heat this mixture on low for 1-2 hours, stirring occasionally.
Your butter will look glossy and very green since the plant matter is still in it. To remove the plant matter, pour the mixture through a cheesecloth or fine sieve over a bowl. This process will take some finesse to ensure all the butter is transferred to the bowl.
Once the plant matter is removed, it no longer has any use and can be discarded. Your weed butter can be stored in the fridge in an airtight container and used at any time.
Using cannabutter in edibles
Cannabutter can be used in place of butter or oil in any recipe. Some recipe masters may tweak a classic recipe to give the edible a balanced and less herbal flavor, but any amount of baking or cooking experience can be translated into making edibles.
How to make weed gummies with cannabutter?
Most of the supplies you need to make canna-gummies are very easy to find in most grocery stores. If possible, make these candies in a silicone mold and they will pop right out after being chilled. It is also helpful to taste the mixture before pouring it into the mold. If the weed taste is too strong, try adding some additional honey.
- 1 ½ cups of 100 percent juice fruit juice (pulp is fine just make sure it is 100 percent juice)
- 4 tablespoons of gelatin (if you are vegan, use grass-fed gelatin)
- 3 tablespoons of raw honey
- ¼ cup of your cannabutter (you can use more or less depending on how strong you want your gummies)
- Gummy molds
Put your juice in a medium sauce place over low-medium heat. You want your liquid to get warm, but you do not want it to boil. When your juice is warm add your tincture.
Add your gelatin, slowly whisking it into your mixture until it is thoroughly blended into the juice. If you see any grains keep whisking until it has dissolved completely.
Taste your mix. If it is not sweet enough for your liking add raw honey, one tablespoon at a time until it reaches your ideal sweetness.
Using a liquid dropper or a small-sized spoon, carefully pour your mixture into your gummy molds, cover them, and let them refrigerate for 3-4 hours.
Take them out of your molds and marvel at what you have created. Eat one gummy, and wait a couple of hours. This will give you a general idea of how strong each treat is for future dosing.
Store your gummies in a sealed container in your fridge until you are ready to eat them. For maximum effect, eat them within two weeks of making them.
Determining the exact dose of your gummies
To calculate your dosages, start your estimate with an average THC percentage. Low-quality cannabis or trim can contain as little as 3 percent THC, while top-shelf strains can be up to 30 percent or more. For an easy example, let’s use 10 percent THC to demonstrate the equation. First, you multiply your THCA by 10 to get your mg/g of THCA
- 10% THCA x 10 = 100mg of THCA per gram of cannabis
- The conversion rate of THCA to THC is 0.877
- 100mg THCA x 0.877 = 87.7mg of THC per gram of cannabis
So, one gram of 10% cannabis contains 87.7 milligrams of THC as long as there was no THC in the cannabis to start with. If there was 0.2% THC in your cannabis before you decarboxylate then you must add that in as well.
- 0.2% THC x 10 = 2mg
- 2mg + 87.7mg = 89.7mg of THC per gram of cannabis
Next, you divide the amount of THC in your recipe by the number of servings it makes to get the per-serving dose.
The recipe for cannabutter above involves a ratio of 1 cup of butter to 1 cup of ground cannabis. Say you used about 7 grams of weed, multiply 7 by 89.7 (7 x 89.7), and you have 627.9 milligrams of THC in your cannabutter.
Our weed gummies recipe uses a quarter cup of butter to make an entire mold of gummies (roughly 20 gummies), the batch would contain 313.95 milligrams of THC. Divide that by 20 gummies, and you know each gummy contains approximately 15 milligrams of THC.